1619 - It’s not the first account of slavery in America, but this date can be seen as a symbolic beginning of the enslavement of African people for profit in America. Enslaved black bodies soon become the economic machine behind American growth and capitalism, both in the South and North.
1877 - The federal government ends reconstruction in 1877, and white people devise a new kind of slavery for African Americans: Jim Crow. White lawmakers and citizens create a culture of oppression for Black Americans that include unjust laws and extrajudicial lynchings. White landowners use sharecropping to squeeze wealth out of Black families by getting them in unpayable debt.
2018 - African Americans have nearly six times the incarceration rate of whites. “Corrections” is an $80 billion industry. “Despite roughly equal usage rates, Blacks are 3.73 times more likely than whites to be arrested for marijuana" - ACLU. White people are making millions off of it on the west coast.
Black Gold - The Mechanics of Oppression
Visual exploration of America’s continued mistreatment of African Americans.
Selections from Fred’s journey with analog film photography.